(2) The attribute of personality has abundant witness as already demonstrated. The Holy Spirit is referred to as a person by scripture. In several instances, however, the masculine pronouns are found (John 15:26; 16:13, 14). In Isaiah, and in the Psalms, the twofold teaching concerning Him is His connection with the Messiah on the one hand, and what may be called His personal qualities, such as being grieved, or vexed, by ingratitude or rebellion, on the other.”15. The work of F. E. Marsh goes far to illustrate the beauties in this type.19. Another instance of such association is found in the apostolic benediction recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14. The person of the Holy Spirit is not only forgotten by those whom we describe as liberals or modernists in their theology (that is always true of them), but we ourselves are often guilty of … (1) It may be noted that the Holy Spirit possesses the essential of mind or intelligence. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 2 (Gal. Our inheritance, our salvation, our glory, our fellowship with God, our likeness unto Him, our freedom from sin and its evils, all are represented in the token payment of the Person of the Spirit. All spiritual references to water do not necessarily refer to the Spirit directly. The other approach, which is taken here, is through the explicit reference of Scripture, revealing certain attributes. All the future blessings of God are assured by the presence of the Holy Spirit. The descriptive adjective holy is used to distinguish Him from other spirits, which are creatures. Shedd states that though the Socinians deny the personality of the Spirit they affirm the eternity of the Spirit as proceeding from the eternal God: “Socinians deny the distinct personality of the Holy Spirit; they concede eternity, because they regard the Spirit as the influence or effluence of the eternal God.”1 Centuries before, Arius had much the same idea, affirming that the Spirit did not have personality, as Watson indicates, “His personality was wholly denied by the Arians, and he was considered as the exerted energy of God.”2 Arius, however, denied the eternity of the Spirit, making him a creature. The two doctrines are mutually sustaining. The Holy Spirit is included in the Trinity, which is made up of 3 distinct persons: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. His presence is our guarantee. Of importance here is the relation of this doctrine to the deity of the Holy Spirit. Q. The doctrine of procession is based on Scripture and on inference. In the baptismal formula of Matthew 28:19, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are related on an equal basis. In reference to the Spirit, then, water speaks of eternal life, of cleansing by washing, of the unlimited abundance of blessing, and spiritual refreshment. 4:4-7). International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, v.s., Oil. From the various uses, and from the nature of wind itself, it may be inferred that as a type of the Spirit, wind indicates His power, His invisibleness, His immaterial nature, and His sovereign purpose. As πνεῦμα is neuter, it would naturally take neuter pronouns to have grammatical agreement. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son.”12. In the Old Testament the Hebrew word (ruwach, pronounced roo’-akh) was used when talking about the Spirit. It is the only case in the New Testament where it is so used. Holy Spirit - key Chapter 1 of 3. Both titles refer to the same entity. On the occasion of Pentecost, a “sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind” was heard. Apart from other blessings of the presence of the Holy Spirit is the significant fact that He in all the wonder of His Person should be indwelling the saint. As Charles Hodge puts it, “The personality of the Spirit has been the faith of the Church from the beginning. It is customary when speaking of persons to use the personal pronouns, I, thou, he, they. • He has a purpose, which is leading us into all truth. From the more complete discussion of His works to follow, these illustrations will be sufficient: (1) His work in creation (Gen 1:2); (2) His work in empowering (Zech 4:6); (3) His teaching ministry (John 16:13); (4) His guidance (Isa 48:16; Rom 8:14); (5) His comforting (John 14:26); (6) His prayer (Rom 8:26); (7) His work of convincing the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8); (8) His restraint of sin (Isa 59:19); (9) His authoritative commands (Acts 8:29; 13:2; 16:7). The doctrine of procession has to do with the being and eternity of the Holy Spirit in His relation to the Father and the Son. The Scriptures explicitly affirm that the Holy Spirit exercises a moral and sovereign will comparable to that of the other Persons of the Trinity. the person of the holy spirit Foundation Scriptures: And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; 17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. If asked who the Holy Spirit is, would you say He is a ghost, a power, or a person? In the nature of the case, every discussion of any portion of either the Person or work of the Holy Spirit has a bearing on the doctrine of His personality. The Holy Spirit must, then, have been a person; since he was seen by earthly eyes, and was recognizable by the human mind. All instances, of course, do not involve typology, but the connection of physical life with spirit is interesting. From the nature of the dove, however, it may be inferred that it speaks of beauty, gentleness, peace, and a heavenly nature. The Holy Spirit is included in the Trinity, which is made up of three distinct persons: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the Third Person of the Trinity–equal with the Father and Son in essence. THE PERSON OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. The abundant creedal evidence while not possessing the infallible inspiration of the Bible may be taken as conclusive proof that the large portion of evangelical Christendom accepts without question this doctrine. The term God as found in the translations of the Old and New Testaments is frequently identified with the Holy Spirit. The work of the Holy Spirit in creation and all subsequent operations involves the procession of the Spirit. These classes examine the presence and influence of the Holy Spirit throughout the Scriptures. He has been introduced thither by the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ, and nothing should be suffered to take him thence. In 2 Samuel 23:2, 3, the Spirit of Jehovah and the God of Israel are identified. Sucks. Another clear instance of identification of the Holy Spirit and God is found in Acts 5:1-4, where the sin of Ananias against the Holy Spirit is said to be a sin against God. 44:45. Typology in relation to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is not of great importance, but the eight major types of the Spirit discussed here will add their revelation to other fields of investigation. The many aspects revealed speak of His infinite Person, equal in power and glory with the Father and the Son. This article was taken from the Theological Journal Library CD and posted with permission of Galaxie Software. But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who indwells you. Accordingly Hodge states, “Since the fourth century his true divinity has never been denied by those who admit his personality.”5 In the fourth century Arius held originally according to Watson6 that the Spirit was created and hence affirmed in part His personality without affirming His deity. His works indicate intelligence, knowledge, and the normal functions of personality. The apostle Paul noted the intellectual ability of the Holy Spirit when he asked, “What man knoweth the things of man save the spirit of man which is in him? All of these characteristics or While the Father sends the Son and the Spirit, the Son never sends the Father, but does send the Spirit. In addition to these sacred uses, it was used as food (Rev 6:6), medicine (Mark 6:13), and even as a means of commodity exchange (1 Kgs 5:11).23. STUDY. To this end, this article will constitute another voice testifying to the fact that the study of the Persons of the Trinity is foundational to all theological truth. 1 Cor 3:13). (2) The work of the Holy Spirit in regeneration (John 3:6) likewise is clearly in the realm of a work of God. John 14 14 "Do not let your hearts be troubled. From the explicit revelation of the attributes of the Holy Spirit, it may be concluded that His deity is given further evidence against which no argument could stand. It is used to represent the written Word (Eph 5:26). Scripture describes the Holy Spirit in personal terms, not as an impersonal force, when it says that He teaches, guides, comforts and intercedes.1 He possesses emotions, intellect and will.2 The Holy Spirit spoke to Philip and gave counsel to the church at Jerusalem.3 He was sinned against and lied to.4, The Scriptures also attest to the deity of the Holy Spirit. It was used to induct kings into office (1 Sam 10:1; 16:13; 1 Kgs 1:39; etc.). But it is possible to discern that each of the inspired writers has caught some special aspect of the Holy Spirit’s person or work, which is reiterated in his pages. Water in the form of dew may be taken to indicate the refreshing work of the Spirit in the midst of spiritual darkness (Gen 27:28; Hos 14:5). [Author’s note: This article is the first of a series on the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit. The procession of the Holy Spirit cannot be compared to the incarnation, as the incarnation was not essential to deity, though it is essential to its manifestation, especially the attributes of love and righteousness as they combine in grace. Although He is equal with the Father and the Son, He is lesser in terms of role and submits to both (John 15:26). How has the Holy Spirit transformed your life since becoming a Christian? ”a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles.”18 It is found frequently in the New Testament (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). How do fire and the Holy Spirit often accomplish the same purpose? The context does not indicate definitely what the “tongues like as of fire” represented. It proceeds rather from the very nature of the Godhead, being necessary to its existence. The student will take an in-depth look at the attributes and the deity of the Third Person … The attribute of grace is found in two titles, (16) Spirit of Grace (Heb 10:29), and (17) Spirit of Grace and Supplication (Zech 12:10). The use of personal pronouns in relation to the Holy Spirit in Scripture is sufficiently frequent to justify a conclusion that He is a person. The attributes of omniscience (1 Cor 2:10-11) is evidence of the existence of mind and intelligence on a plane of deity. The place itself he never can lose, inasmuch as his Head and Representative, Christ, occupies it on his behalf. A comparison of Scriptures often reveals an association of the Persons of the Trinity in terms which infer equality of association. PERSON OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. His movements are not governed by human will. Nor can we trace any relation to the comparatively spirituality of the books, though Isaiah stands so high in the list; for whereas Ezekiel stands first, and Judges has seven, Psalms has only six, Deuteronomy only one, and 2nd Chronicles four. This course will help you go to another level in your understanding of who the Holy Spirit is and what His purpose is. He is spoken of as God and is identified with the title of Jehovah.5 The Christian who is indwelt by the Spirit is indwelt by God.6 The Holy Spirit possesses the attributes of deity, such as omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence and eternality.7 He does works only God can do, such as creating, regenerating and sanctifying.8 He is equally associated with the other members of the Trinity.9, The work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament differed somewhat from His work in the New Testament. 6 Ordination - THE PERSON OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. The Work of the Holy Spirit in Salvation; 7. The Holy Spirit Is a Person. The titles of the Holy Spirit as commonly translated are subject to significant classification which furnishes an interesting background for the doctrine. As the third member of the Trinity, the Holy Spirit is a Person and is also personal. From the various uses of oil in the Bible, we may conclude that oil bespeaks of holiness, sanctification, revelation, illumination, dedication, and healing. As His Person is pure spirit, to which no material is essential, He is revealed in the Scriptures as the Spirit. By it we are known, and by it we are clothed. Who. 19 Emblems of the Holy Spirit, pp. The references in the Old Testament are manifold in that the very word for Spirit is variously translated wind, breath, air, blast, etc., as well as spirit. The nature of the attributes are such that they could not all be communicated to a creature. It is necessary to attack the inspiration of the Scriptures themselves to disturb the overwhelming evidence contained therein on this subject. The use of clothing as a figure to reveal spiritual truth is prominent in Scripture as evidenced in other connections in Scripture (2 Cor 5:3; Eph 4:24; 6:11-17; Col 3:10, 12; 1 Thess 5:8; Rev 19:8, 13, 14). The order of discussion is alphabetical. His presence is of great significance, entirely apart from His ministries. Five of the titles of the Holy Spirit refer to some extent to Him as the author of revelation and wisdom: (10) Spirit of Wisdom (Exod 28:3; Eph 1:7); (11) Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding (Isa 11:2); (12) Spirit of Counsel and Might (Isa 11:2); (13) Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2); (14) Spirit of Truth (John 14:17). As such, He is to be revered as God and serves in perfect unity with Father and Son to lead us in our spiritual lives. Most important Person in the books of Samuel and the biblical definition of personhood while the... Following verses give us a beautiful picture of the other approach, are... 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